Warhammer Ancient Battles
section is part of a growing
listing of miniatures, and other items dealing with
gaming the era of Alexander the Great
and his Successors…
please feel free to comment if you feel that something is incomplete or you have information to share!
28mm Miniatures (updated 2020):
Old Glory: http://www.oldgloryminiatures.com
Wargames Foundry: http://www.wargamesfoundry.com/
Newline Designs: http://www.newlinedesigns.co.uk/
Navigator: (No link)
Vendel: (No link)
Miniatures (archival links may not work)
RAFM: (25) http://www.rafm.com/
Ral Partha: (25) http://www.ironwindmetals.com
Miniature Figurines: (25) http://www.miniaturefigurines.co.uk
Garrison (Amazon): (25) http://www.amazonminiatures.com/
Skyraider (Corvus Belli) http://skyraider1992.tripod.com/
20mm and 1/76th scale (archival links may not work)
Newline Designs http://www.newlinedesigns.co.uk/
15mm Miniatures (archival links may not work)
Corvus Belli: http://www3.sympatico.ca/lostwolf/
Tumbling Dice http://brookhursthobbies.com/
X Legion (Gladiator) http://www.gladiatorgames.co.uk/
Metal Magic (Gladiator),
Miniature Figurines http://www.miniaturefigurines.co.uk
Lancashire Games http://www.lancashiregames.com
AB figures http://www.ab-figures.demon.co.uk/
Old Glory http://www.1stcorps.net
Frei Korps 15s: http://www.gtns.net/freikorp/
Museum Miniatures: http://www.museumminiatures.co.uk/
Smaller Miniatures (archival links may not work)
Bacchus 6mm http://www.baccus6mm.com/
Heroics and Ros
Irregular (6mm and 2mm) http://www.irregularminiatures.co.uk/
Larger Miniatures (archival links may not work)
Transfers: (archival links may not work)
Tin Soldier, Roundway, Naismith, H&R, Old Glory,
Battle Honors, and more. 10%
discount for HMGS members. Larger discounts given on
large orders. Based in
Historical (archival links may not work)
Images of Alexander: http://www.isidore-of-seville.com/ImagesofAlexander/Antiquity_All.html
Iran Saga http://www.art-arena.com/iran.htm
Persian Wars http://ancienthistory.about.com/
Peloponnesian Wars: http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/greekbattles/
Ships of the Ancient Greeks http://www.bulfinch.org/fables/grkship.html
In the Footsteps of Alexander the Great http://www.mpt.org/programsinterests/mpt/alexander/
Basic Wargames Sources: These books are readily available at hobby shops, or bookstores.
Charles Grant, The Ancient War Game (St. Martin’s Press 1974) this book is what started it all for me in 1974 and it is still a favorite read.
Duncan Head, Armies of the Macedonian and Punic Wars, 359 BC to 146 BC (Wargames Research Group 1982) The perfect resource for the Hellenistic era wargamer. The Black and white illustrations are very useful and the text is a compendium of most all of the knowledge on this subject, and it includes an excellent bibliography.
The Osprey “Men at Arms” line of books are great painting references. The following Ospreys are recommended: Alexander the Great, Nick Sekunda and John Warry (Osprey Military 1998), The Ancient Greeks, Nick Sekunda (Osprey Elite1986), The Persian Army 560-330BC, Nick Sekunda (Osprey Elite1992), The Scythians 700-300BC, E. V. Chernenko (Osprey 1983), and the excellent: The Thracians 700BC-AD46, Christopher Webber (Osprey 2001).
Phil Barker and Richard Bodley Scott, D.B.M. Army Lists, For use with the De Bellis Multitudinis Wargames Rules, Book 1: 3000 BC to 500 BC; and Book 2: 500 BC to 476 AD (Wargames Research Group, 1993). These lists are thoroughly researched and create the framework to build many Warhammer Ancient armies.
Additional Sources: These books are great introductions to the period and some have that ‘Coffee table’ appeal:
Peter Connolly, Greece and Rome at War (London: Greenhill,
with his children’s books; The
Greek armies, The Roman Army, and Hannibal
and the enemies of
John Warry, Warfare in the Classical World, (Salamander books Ltd 1980) Combines great graphics and illustrations with a comprehensive text.
John Keegan, The Mask of Command, (Viking Press 1987) Dr. Keegan presents a most balanced account of Alexander’s military career.
Victor Davis Hanson, The Wars of the Ancient Greeks, (Cassell & Co 2000) Beware! Dr. Hanson is not kind to Alexander! His new work Carnage and Culture, is recommended but is not glorifying of Alexander in the least. His Western Way of War is an amazing reading experience if you are a student of Hoplite warfare.
John Drogo Montagu, Battles of the Greek & Roman World, (Greenhill Books 2000) This is a fantastic resource for wargamers. Almost every battle of this period is covered with some maps and OOB info. A necessary reference source for quickly designing your own historical scenarios.
Paolo Moreno, Apelles: The Alexander Mosaic, (Skira
2002) Details the famous Alexander Battle
Peter Green, Alexander of Macedon 356-323 BC A Historical Biography, (University of California Press 1991) The original picture book that came out in 1978 is a great source for photos of the areas conquered by Alexander. This expanded text volume is thoroughly readable and is my favorite single Alexander book.
J.F.C Fuller, The Generalship of Alexander the Great, (Minerva press 1960) A great start to understand Alexander’s battlefield genius.
Christopher Webber’s The Thracians article from the August 2000, Wargames Illustrated, very inspirational, along with his website information.
Articles in Slingshot the Journal of the Society of Ancients, including those written by Duncan Head, Luke Ueda Sarson, David Karunanithy, and Adrian Goldsworthy, being most helpful.
Source Materials: These works are much more academic and more detailed. Usually they do not have very many pretty pictures either! You can tell they are more serious as many authors have initials rather than first names J
Theory and Practice in the age of Xenophon,
A. B. Bosworth, Conquest and Empire, (Cambridge University Press) A thoroughly sober history, excellent detail.
Donald W. Engels, Alexander the Great and the Logistics of the Macedonian Army, (University of California Press 1978) A most fascinating angle on Alexander’s conquests, examines how Alexander moved and fed his armies. Detailed troops breakdown make this a must for wargamers.
N. G. L. Hammond, The Genius of Alexander the Great, (University of North Carolina Press 1997) Dr. Hammond is the “anti-Hanson” a much more heroic view of Alexander, good discussion of battles and units.
Radha Kumud Mookerji, Chandragupta Maurya and His Times, (Motilal Banarsidass Publishers 1999) Compares the Greek and Indian surviving texts of this period.
Sarva Daman Singh Ancient Indian Warfare, (Motilal Banarsidass Publishers 1997) Mostly covers “Vedic” or earlier material than our period, and a bit hard to read. But full of juicy details on weapons and armour.
and Armor of the Greeks, (Johns Hopkins
University Press 1967) An introductory
description of the development of armor in
Quoted Sources and Histories: These represent the ancient historians words, including those quoted in this volume. A number of these works are quite decent reads in their own right. Arrian, and Xenophon and Plutarch, and Kautilya are very entertaining!
Demosthenes. Demosthenes with an English translation by J. H. Vince, Harvard University Press 1930.
Demades. Minor Attic Orators in two volumes, 2, with an English translation by J. O. Burtt, Harvard University Press 1962.
Siculus. Diodorus of
Kautilya. Kautilya’s Arthasastra, DR. R. Shamasastry (Mysore Printing and Publishing House, 1961
Plutarch. The Age of Alexander, Translated by Ian Scott-Kilvert, Penguin edition, 1980
Arrian. The Campaigns of Alexander, Translated by Aubrey De Selincourt, Penguin edition, 1971
Herodotus. The Histories, Translated by Aubrey De Selincourt, Penguin edition, 1974
Quintus Curtius Rufus. The History of Alexander, Translated by John Yardley, Penguin edition, 1988
Xenophon. The Persian Expedition, Translated by Rex Warner, Penguin edition, 1965
Harder to find are the works of Asclepiodotus, and Aeneas Tacticus, these most often will be found only in University libraries. Look for the Loeb editions.
Macedonian Army interest article in historical journals:
Anson, E.M. "The Hypaspists : Macedonia's Professional Citizen-Soldiers" Historia 34 (1985) 246-248
Anson, E.M. "Alexander's Hypaspists and the Argyraspids" Historia 30 (1981) 117-120 -+-
Ellis, J.R., 'Alexander's hypaspists again' in: Historia 24 (1975) 617-618.
Erskine, A., The pezetairoi of Philip II and Alexander III’, Historia 38 (1989), 385-394.
Hammond, N.G.L., 'Arrian's mentions of infantry guards', AHB 11.1 (1997), 20-24
Hammond, N.G.L. Alexander’s Veterans after his Death’, GRBS 25 (1984) 51-61
Lock, R.A. "The Origins of the Argyraspids" Historia 26 (1977) 373-378 -+-
Milns, R.D. "Philip II and the Hypaspists" Historia 16 (1967) 509-512 -+-
Milns, R.D. "The Hypaspists of Alexander III - Some Problems" Historia 20 (1971) 186-195 -+-
Milns, R.D., 'The army of Alexander the Great' in: Fondations Hardt 22 (1976), 87-136.
The Organisation of Alexander's Hypaspists’, Classical Association of Canada Montreal, 1985.
Other great soruces are at: